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Extended Finger Chart

First Octave E



Oh, I got this far and found I had an Eb in the 3rd octave.

Number 4

Hard E

X | XXX | XXXO | O

The hard E is obtained with the chanter off the knee. The pressure on the bag is quite hard and you may have to be quite precise with the pressure.

Tuning 0 cents sharp

Number 5

E on the knee


X | XXX | XXOO | X

This is the "normal" on the knee E. The tuning will be good on your Howard chanter. (3 cents sharp)


The tuning is a good untempered e note.

A vibrato can be induced by shading the bottom hole of the pair with the little finger.

A roll can be played by cutting with a note above the E ( I use the A note) and tipping with either one or two fingers on the pair of open holes. Just tipping with the top (ring) finger will give you an open roll, with both fingers it will give you a tight or closed roll.

Trill. A semitone trill, E-F natural, can be played by rapidly opening and closing F natural key.

Tuning 0 cents sharp.